Latvia, nestled in the heart of the Baltic region, is a country rich in cultural heritage and natural beauty. From the Art Nouveau architecture of Riga, its vibrant capital, to the pristine beaches of the Baltic Sea and the dense forests that cover much of the country, Latvia offers a diverse range of experiences. The country is also known for its traditional music and festivals, hearty cuisine, and a history that spans back to medieval times. To start planning your trip, explore plan your trip to Latvia and test your knowledge with a travel to Latvia quiz. For more information, visit the official tourism website:


Public Transit

Latvia’s public transportation network includes buses and trolleys in cities, with Riga also featuring a tram system. Services are reliable and offer an affordable way to explore urban areas. For intercity travel, buses and trains connect major towns and cities, providing a scenic view of the Latvian countryside.


Taxis are readily available in larger cities and can be hailed on the street, booked by phone, or through various smartphone apps. They are generally safe and operate with metered fares. It’s advisable to use reputable taxi companies to ensure transparency in pricing.


Driving in Latvia offers the freedom to explore the country’s vast natural landscapes. Traffic drives on the right-hand side. The speed limit is typically 50 km/h (31 mph) in urban areas and 90 km/h (56 mph) on highways. During winter, roads can be icy, and winter tires are mandatory. The legal blood alcohol concentration limit is 0.05%.

Attractions and Shopping

Most shops in Latvia open from 10 am to 7 pm on weekdays and Saturdays, with shorter hours on Sundays. Shopping centers in major cities may have longer hours. Museums and tourist attractions generally operate from 10 am to 6 pm. Latvian cuisine is a key part of the cultural experience, with lunch typically served from 12 pm to 3 pm and dinner from 6 pm to 9 pm.

Tipping Culture

Tipping is appreciated for good service in Latvia, with 10% of the bill being standard in restaurants if a service charge is not already included. It’s also common to round up the fare in taxis.

Duty Free

Travelers from non-EU countries can benefit from duty-free shopping in Latvia for purchases over a certain amount. Look for stores displaying the “Tax-Free Shopping” logo, and ensure you complete the necessary paperwork at the time of purchase to claim your VAT refund upon departure.


Latvia is generally safe for travelers, with low rates of violent crime. The emergency number is 112. Visitors should exercise standard precautions to guard against petty theft, particularly in tourist areas and when using public transport.

Water & Food Quality

Tap water in Latvia is safe to drink, and the country adheres to EU standards for food safety, ensuring that dining out is generally safe.


While Latvia is safe, travelers should be aware of the risk of pickpocketing in crowded areas and scams targeting tourists. It’s advisable to remain vigilant and secure your belongings.


The healthcare system in Latvia provides quality services, but facilities may vary outside major cities. EU citizens should carry a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), while non-EU visitors are advised to have travel insurance that covers healthcare costs.

General Tips


Latvian is the official language. English is widely spoken in tourist areas and by younger generations, making communication for visitors relatively easy.


The currency of Latvia is the Euro (€). Credit cards are widely accepted in cities and tourist locations, but it’s a good idea to have cash for smaller establishments and rural areas.

Electrical Outlets

Latvia uses Type F electrical outlets, with a standard voltage of 230 V and a frequency of 50 Hz.


Latvia experiences a temperate climate, with warm summers (average temperatures around 20°C/68°F) and cold, snowy winters (temperatures often below 0°C/32°F). The best time to visit is during the summer months of June to August for outdoor activities and festivals.